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Lawrence Heilbronn

Lawrence H. Heilbronn

John D. Tickle Associate Professor


Research

High-energy secondary neutron measurements from heavy-ion reactions

Measurements of radiation transport through novel shielding materials

Measurements of fission neutron-induced cross sections

Benchmark calculations of heavy-ion transport models

Measurements of light-ion production that are relevant to radioprotection

Studies of the effects of Galactic Cosmic Rays

Production of radioisotopes for use in medical, power and nuclear security applications


Education

PhD, Nuclear Physics, Michigan State University, 1991

MS, Physics, University of Illinois, Urbana, 1984

BA, Physics, University of Montana, Missoula, 1982


Awards and Recognitions

Leon and Nancy Cole Superior Teaching Award (2017)

Chancellor's Research and Creative Achievement - Professional Promise Award (2015)

College of Engineering Professional Promise in Research Award (2015)

College of Engineering Teaching Fellow Award (2015)

Professor of the Year Award, Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee (2017–2018)

Professor of the Year Award, Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee (2015–2016)

Professor of the Year Award, Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee (2013–2014)

Professor of the Year Award, Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee (2011–2012)

Professor of the Year Award, Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee (2009–2010)

Outstanding Performance Award, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (2002)

Outstanding Performance Award, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (1996)


Publications

Books

Nakamura and L. Heilbronn, “Handbook on Secondary Particle Production and Transport by High Energy Heavy Ions”, World Scientific Publishing, 5 Toh Tuck Link, Singapore 596224, 2006.

Publications (2002–2012)

K. Broderick, R. Lusk, J. Hinderer, J. Griswold, R. Boll, M. Garland, L. Heilbronn and S. Mirzadeh, “Reactor Production of Promethium-147”, Applied Radiation and Isotopes, in press, online 2018. DOI:10.1016/j.apradiso.2018.10.025

J. Griswold, C. U. Jost, D. W. Stracener, S. H. Bruffey, D. Denton, M. Garland, L. Heilbronn, and S. Mirzadeh, “Production of 229Th for medical applications: excitation functions of low-energy protons on 232Th targets,” Phys. Rev. C. 98 (no. 4), 2018. DOI:10.1103/PhysRevC.98.044607

P-E. Tsai, B-L. Lai, L. H. Heilbronn, R-J. Sheu, “Benchmark of neutron production cross sections with Monte Carlo codes,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B 416, pp. 16-29, 2017. DOI 10.1016/j.nimb.2017.11.029

H. N. Ratliff, M. B. R. Smith, L. Heilbronn, “Simulation of the GCR spectrum in the Mars curiosity rover’s RAD detector using MCNP6,” Life Sci. Space Res, vol. 14, pp. 43-50, 2017. DOI 10.1016/j.lssr.2017.07.003

J.R. Griswold, D.G. Medvedev, J.W. Engle, R. Copping, J.M. Fitzsimmons, V. Radchenko, J.C. Cooley, M.E. Fassbender, D.L. Denton, K.E. Murphy, A.C. Owens, E.R. Birnbaum, K.D. John, F.M. Nortier, D.W. Stracener, L.H. Heilbronn, L.F. Mausner, S. Mirzadeh, “Large scale accelerator production of 225Ac: Effective cross sections for 78-192 MeV protons incident on 232Th targets,” Applied Radiation and Isotopes 118, 366-374, 2016.

J. Norbury, W. Schimmerling, T. Slaba, E. Azzam, F. Badavi, G. Baiocco, E. Benton, V. Bindi, E. Blakely, S. Blattnig, D. Boothman, T. Borak, R. Britten, S. Curtis, M. Dingfelder, M. Durante, W. Dynan, A. Eisch, S. Elgart, D. Goodhead, P. Guida, L. Heilbronn, C. Hellweg, J. Huff, A. Kronenberg, C. La Tessa, D. Lowenstein, J. Miller, T. Moritau, L. Narici, G. Nelson, R. Norman, A. Ottolenghi, Z. Patel, G. Reitz, A. Rusek, A. Schreurs, L. Scott-Carnella, E. Semones, J. Shay, V. Shurshakov, L. Sihver, L. Simonsen, M. Story, M. Turker, Y. Uchihori, J. Williams, C.Zeitlin “Galactic cosmic ray simulation at the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory,” Life Sciences in Space Research, vol. 8, pp. 38-51, 2016. DOI 10.1016/j.lssr.2016.02.001

D.G. Phillips II, W.M. Snow, K. Babu, S. Banerjee, D. V. Baxter, Z. Berezhiani, M. Bergevin, S. Bhattacharya, G. Brooijmans, L. Castellanos, M. C. Chen, C. E. Coppola, R. Cowsik, J. A. Crabtree, P. Das, E. B. Dees, A. Dolgov, P. D. Ferguson, M. Frost, T. Gabriel, A. Gal, F. Gallmeier, K. Ganezer, E. Golubeva, G. Greene, B. Hartfiel, A. Hawari, L. Heilbronn, C. Johnson, Y. Kamyshkov, B. Kerbikov, M. Kitaguchi, B. Z. Kopeliovich, V. B. Kopeliovich, V. A. Kuzmin, CY. Liu, P. McGaughey, M. Mocko, R. Mohapatra, N. Mokhav, G. Muhrer, H. P. Mumm, L. Okun, R. W. Pattie, Jr., C. Quigg, E. Ramberg, A. Ray, A. Roy, A. Ruggles, U. Sarkar, A. Saunders, A. P. Serebrov, H. M. Shimizu, R. Shrock, A. K. Sikdar, S. Sjue, S. Striganov, L. W. Townsend, R. Tschirhart, A. Vainshtein, R. Van Kooten, Z. Wang, A. R. Young "Neutron-antineutron oscillations: Theoretical staus and experimental prospects," Phys. Rep. 612, 1-45, 2016. DOI 10.1016/j.physrep.2015.11.001

L. Heilbronn, T. B. Borak, L. W. Townsend, P. Tsai, C. A. Burnham, R. A. McBeth, “Neutron yields and effective doses produced by Galactic Cosmic Ray interactions in shielded environments in space,” Life Sci. Space Res 7, 90-99, 2015.   DOI 10.1016/j.lssr.2015.10.005

A. Iyengar, M. Beach, R. J. Newby, L. Fabris, L H. Heilbronn, J. P. Hayward, “Systematic measurement of fast neutron background fluctuations in an urban area using a mobile detection system,” Nucl. Inst. Meth. A, 773, 27-32, 2015. DOI 10.1016/j.nima.2014.10.045

P. Tsai, L. H. Heilbronn, "Experimental design of secondary neutron and charged-particle measurement with stopping targets bombarded by 100 and 230 MeV/amu 4He ion," Nuclear Technology 192, 222-231. DOI 10.13182/NT12-130

T. B. Borak, L. H. Heilbronn, L. W. Townsend, R. A. McBeth, W. de Wet, “Quality factors for space radiation: A new approach,” Life Sci Space Res 1, 96-102, 2014.

P. Tsai, L. Heilbronn, “Energy calibration of organic scintillation detectors by using a two-dimensional broad mapping method,” Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, 2013 IEEE.

M. Beach, L. Heilbronn, “Light-ion production for medium-energy heavy-ion interactions,” Aerospace Conference, 2013 IEEE.

J. W. Norbury, J. Miller, A. M. Adamczyk, L. H. Heilbronn, L. W. Towsend, S. R Blattnig, R. B. Norman, S. B. Guetersloh, and C. J. Zeitlin, “Nuclear data for space radiation,” Radiat. Meas. 47, 315-363, 2012.

I. Remec, R. M. Ronningen, L. Heilbronn, ”Benchmarking of Neutron Production of Heavy-Ion Transport Codes,” Journal of ASTM International 9, no. 4, Paper ID JAI104227, 2012.

L. Heilbronn, “Modeling Accelerator-Based Neutron Measurements,” Aerospace Conference, 2012 IEEE.

L. Heilbronn, C. J. Zeitlin, Y. Iwata, T. Murakami, T. Nakamura, S. Yonai, R.M. Ronningen, and H. Iwase, “Neutron-Production Yields from 400 MeV/nucleon Fe Stopping in C, Al, Cu, and Pb Targets,” Nucl. Sci. and Eng. 169, 279-289, 2011.

J. W. Norbury, J. Miller, A. M. Adamczyk, L. H. Heilbronn, L. W. Towsend, S. R Blattnig, R. B. Norman, S. B. Guetersloh, and C. J. Zeitlin, “Review of Nuclear Physics Experiments for Space Radiation,” NASA TP 2011–217179, 2011.

S. A. Walker, J. Tweed, R. K. Tripathi, F. F. Badavi, J. Miller, C. Zeitlin, L. H. Heilbronn, “Validation of a multilayer Green’s function code for ion beam transport,” Adv. Space. Res., 47 533-544, 2011.

C. Zeitlin, S. B. Guetersloh, L. H. Heilbronn, J. Miller, A. Fukumura, Y. Iwata, T. Murakami, S. Blattnig, R. Norman, and S. Mashnik, “Fragmentation of 14N, 16O, 20Ne, and 24Mg at 290 to 1000 MeV/nucleon,” Phys. Rev. C 83 034909, 2011.

C. Zeitlin, S. B. Guetersloh, L. H. Heilbronn, J. Miller, A. Fukumura, Y. Iwata, T. Murakami, L. Sihver, “Nuclear Fragmentation database for GCR transport code development,” Adv. Space Res. 46, 728-734, 2010.

J. Miller, L. Taylor, C. Zeitlin, L. Heilbronn, S. Guetersloh, M. DiGiuseppe, Y. Iwata, T. Murakami, ”Lunar soil as shielding against space radiation,“ Rad. Meas. 44, 163-167, 2009.

Y. M. Charara, L. W. Townsend, T. A. Gabriel, C. J. Zeitlin, L. H. Heilbronn, and J. Miller, “HETC-HEDS Code Validation Using Laboratory Beam Energy Loss Spectra Data,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci 55, 3164-3168, 2008.

C. Zeitlin, L. Sihver, C. La Tessa, D. Mancusi, L. Heilbronn, J. Miller, S. Guetersloh, ”Comparisons of fragmentation spectra using 1 GeV/amu 56Fe data and the PHITS model,” Radiation Measurements 43, 1242-1253, 2008.

C. Zeitlin, S. B. Guetersloh, L. H. Heilbronn, J. Miller, A. Fukumura, Y. Iwata, T. Murakami, L. Sihver, and D. Mancusi, "Fragmentation Cross Sections of medium-energy 35Cl, 40Ar, and 48Ti beams on elemental targets,” Phys. Rev. C 77, 034605, 2008.

C. Zeitlin, S. Guetersloh, L. Heilbronn, J. Miller, N. Elkhayari, A. Empl, M. LeBourgeois, B. W. Mayes, L. Pinsky, M. Christl, E. Kuznetsov, “Shielding experiments with high-energy heavy ions for spaceflight applications,” New Journal of Physics, 10 075007, 2008.

A. F. Zeller, R. M. Ronningen, A. Godeke, L. H. Heilbronn, P. McMahanNorris, "Radiation Damage to BSCCO2223 from 50 MeV Protons,” AIP Conf. Proc. 986, 416, 2008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2900376

L. Heilbronn, C. J. Zeitlin, Y. Iwata, T. Murakami, H. Iwase, T. Nakamura, T. Nunomiya, H. Sato, H. Yashima, R.M. Ronningen, and K. Ieki, “Secondary Neutron-Production Cross Sections from Heavy-Ion Interactions between 230 and 600 MeV/nucleon,” Nucl. Sci. and Eng. 157, 2007,142.

C. La Tessa, L. Sihver, D. Mancusi, C. Zeitlin, J. Miller, S. Guetersloh, L. Heilbronn, “Weak and strong factorization properties in nucleus-nucleus collisions in the energy region 290 - 2100 MeV/nucleon,” Nucl. Phys. A791, 451 – 472, 2007.

C. La Tessa, L. Sihver, C. Zeitlin, J. Miller, S. Guetersloh, L. Heilbronn, D. Mancusi, Y. Iwata, T. Murakami, “Test of weak and strong factorization in nucleus-nucleus collisions at several hundred MeV/nucleon,” Nucl. Phys. A791, 434 – 450, 2007.

D. Mancusi, L. Sihver, K. Gustafsson, C. La Tessa, S. B. Guetersloh, C. J. Zeitlin, J. Miller, L. H. Heilbronn, K. Niita, T. Sato, H. Nakashima, T. Murakami, Y. Iwata, “PHITS – Benchmark of partial charge-changing cross sections for intermediate-mass systems,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B254, 30-38, 2007.

C. Zeitlin, S. B. Guetersloh, L. H. Heilbronn, J. Miller, A. Fukumura, Y. Iwata, T. Murakami, "Fragmentation Cross Sections of 290 and 400 MeV/nucleon 12C beams on elemental targets,” Phys.Rev. C 76, 014911, 2007.

C. Zeitlin, A. Fukumura, S. B. Guetersloh, L. H. Heilbronn, Y. Iwata, J. Miller, T. Murakami, "Fragmentation Cross Sections of 28Si at beam energies from 290 AMeV to 1200 AMeV,” Nucl. Phys. A 784, 341 - 367, 2007.

L. Heilbronn, Y. Iwata, H. Iwase, T. Murakami, H. Sato, T. Nakamura, R. M. Ronningen, K. Ieki, I. Gudowska, N. Sobolevsky, “Secondary neutron production cross sections from heavy-ion interactions in composite targets,” Phys. Rev C 73, 024603, 2006.

G. Bollen, I. Baek, V. Blideanu, D. Lawton, P. F. Mantica, D. J. Morrissey, R. M. Ronningen, B. S. Sherrill, A. Zeller, J. R. Beene, T. Burgess, K. Carter, A. Carrol, D. Conner, T. Gabriel, L. Mansur, I. Remec, M. Rennich, D. Stracner, M. Wendel, L. Ahle, J. Boles, S. Reyes, W. Stein, and L. Heilbronn, “Rare isotope accelerator – conceptual design of target areas,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A562, 915-920, 2006.

S. Guetersloh, C. Zeitlin, L. Heilbronn, J. Miller, T. Komiyama, A. Fukumura, Y. Iwata, T. Murakami, and M. Bhattacharya, “Polyethylene as a radiation shielding standard in simulated cosmic-ray environments,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B252, 319-332, 2006.

C. La Tessa, S. Guetersloh, L. Heilbronn, J. Miller, L. Sihver, and C. Zeitlin, “Fragmentation of 1 GeV/nucleon iron ions in thick targets relevant for space exploration,” Adv. Space Research 35, 223 – 229, 2006.

C. Zeitlin, S. B. Guetersloh, L. H. Heilbronn, and J. Miller, “Measurements of materials shielding properties with 1 GeV/nuc 56Fe,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B252, 308-318, 2006.

L. Heilbronn, T. Nakamura, Y. Iwata, H. Iwase, T. Kurosawa, L. Townsend, “Overview of secondary neutron production relevant to shielding in space,” Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 116, no. 1-4, 140-143, 2005. LBNL rep. no 56689

C. La Tessa, S. Guetersloh, L. Heilbronn, J. Miller, L. Sihver, C. Zeitlin, “Fragmentation of 1 GeV/nucleon iron ions in thick targets relevant for space exploration,” Adv. Space Research 35, 223-229, 2005.

S. A. Walker, J. Tweed, J. W. Wilson, F. A. Cucinotta, R. K. Tripathi, S. Blattnig, C. Zeitlin, L. Heilbronn, J. Miller, “Validation of the HZETRN code for laboratory exposures with 1A GeV iron ions in several targets,” Adv. Space Research 35, 202-207, 2005.

C. Zeitlin, S. B. Guetersloh, L. H. Heilbronn, and J. Miller, “Shielding and fragmentation studies,” Radiat Prot. Dosim. 116, 123-124, 2005.

L. Heilbronn, Y. Iwata, and H. Iwase, “Off-line correction for excessive constant-fraction-discriminator walk in neutron time-of-flight experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 522, 2004.

T. B. Borak, T. Doke, T. Fuse, S. Guetersloh, L. Heilbronn, K. Hara, M. Moyers, S. Suzuki, P. Taddei, K. Terasawa, and C. J. Zeitlin, “Comparisons of LET Distributions for Protons with Energies between 50 and 200 MeV Determined Using a Spherical Tissue-Equivalent Proportional Counter (TEPC) and a Position-Sensitive Silicon Spectrometer (RRMD-III),” Radiat. Res. 162, 687-692, 2004.

S. Guetersloh, T. B. Borak, P. J. Taddei, C. Zeitlin, L. Heilbronn, J. Miller, T. Murakami, and Y. Iwata, “The response of a spherical tissue-equivalent proportional counter to different ions having similar linear energy transfer,” Radiat. Res.. B252, 64-71, 2004.

J. Miller, C. Zeitlin, F. A. Cucinotta, L. Heilbronn, D. Stephens, and J. W. Wilson, “Benchmark Studies of the Effectiveness of Structural and Internal Materials as Radiation Shielding for the International Space Station," Radiat. Research 159, 381-390, 2003.

B. B. Gersey, T. B. Borak, S. B. Guetersloh, C. J. Zeitlin, J. Miller, L. Heilbronn, Y. Iwata, and T. Murakami, “The response of a spherical tissue equivalent proportional counter to iron particles from 200 – 1000 MeV/nucleon,” Radiat. Res. 157, 350-360, 2002.

R. H. Mauer, D. R. Roth, J. D. Kinnison, T. M. Jordan, L. H. Heilbronn, J. Miller, C. J. Zeitlin, “Neutron production from polyethylene and common spacecraft materials,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci 01/2002, 48(6):2029-33.

B. Rydberg, L. Heilbronn, W. R. Holley, M. Lobrich, C. Zeitlin, A. Chatterjee, and P. K. Cooper, “Spatial Distribution and Yield of DNA Double Strand Breaks Induced by 3-7 MeV Helium Ions in Human Fibroblasts,” Radiat. Res. 158, 32-42, 2002.

L. W. Townsend, F. A. Cucinotta, L. Heilbronn “Nuclear model calculations and their role in space radiation research,” Adv. Space Research 30, 907-916, 2002.

D.L. Stephens, L. W. Townsend, J. Miller, C. Zeitlin, L. Heilbronn “Monte Carlo Transport Model Comparison with 1 AGeV Accelerated Iron Experiment: Heavy-Ion Shielding Evaluation of NASA Space Flight-Crew Foodstuff," Adv. Space Res. 30, 901-905, 2002.

Lawrence Heilbronn

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